What is a bunion?

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A bunion is a bump on the first metatarsophalangeal joint (MTPJ), the joint where your big toe and foot connect. When bone alignment problems in your foot force your big toe to tilt toward the other toes instead of pointing up, it pushes the MTPJ outward and causes the bump. Bunions usually appear on the big toe, but can also appear on the little toe. These little toe bunions are called tailor’s bunions or bunionettes. They’re caused by bone misalignment, just as big bunions are.

What are the signs of a bunion? The bony bump is the tell-tale sign, but you can also expect other symptoms, including soreness, pain, and red skin around the bump. Many bunion sufferers also have restricted movement in their big toe. 

How do I treat a bunion? At A Step Up Podiatry, LLC, bunion treatment usu-ally starts with a clinical examination and Xrays to determine its severity. Some treatment options include:

  • Custom orthotics to redistribute foot pressure
  • Medication to relieve pain
  • Cortisone injections for long-term pain relief
  • Ice application to reduce inflammation and soreness
  • Taping, padding, or splinting to correct position and decrease stress
  • New footwear with a wider toe box
  • Surgical treatment

A Step Up Podiatry provides complete family foot & ankle care.